The Narcissus is a genus from the Amaryllidaceae family and commonly named daffodil. The daffodils is native to the Mediterranean area, southwest Europe (mostly Spain and Portugal). It is a bulbous perennial that emerges and flowers in spring after a cold resting period (they need this).
From January the leaves start emerging above ground and in February the first daffodils start to bloom. The Narcissus is available in many colours, shapes and sizes. Some species are even fragrant. By combining different species with different blooming periods you can enjoy the flowers for a long time. The biggest daffodil can reach a height of about 32 inches (80 centimetres). There are many species that stay a lot smaller (the smallest about 6 inches (15 centimetres).
The daffodil grows new small bulbs (daughter bulbs) from the old bulb and that is how they spread. After some years you will have a nice collection. They like a light and well-drained spot in the garden. Too much moist will cause the bulbs to rot. Daffodils can be used in rock gardens.
Do not cut away the leaves after bloom until they turn yellow. The Narcissus needs those to collect enough energy into the bulb for blooming next year. It is best to cut away the withered flower. If you don’t do that the plant will put too much energy in producing seeds. That would lead to less energy in the bulb to flower abundantly next year.
The flowers are very suitable as cut flower. The stem emits a slimy fluid. That fluid can irritate the skin and also have a negative influence on other flowers in the vase. It is best to put daffodils in the vase alone.
Characteristic: newly emerging every year
Exposure: sun/part shade
Foliage colour: green
Flower colour: various
Flowering time: February - May
Hardiness: -25 ºC (-13 ºF)
Height: 32 inches (80 cm)