The Hyacinthus orientalis is a genus from the Asparagaceae family and is commonly named Hyacinth, Dutch hyacinth or garden hyacinth. The hyacinth is originally from the eastern part of the Mediterranean (central Turkey to Lebanon).
The Hyacinthus orientalis is a bulbous perennial. After a cold resting period (they need this) the leaves emerge in January and the flowers in spring. The hyacinth is available in many colours. The flower is very suitable as cut flower and has a wonderful fragrance. To me the fragrance is too strong for in the house so I prefer to enjoy it in the garden.
After bloom in spring the leaves will disappear to emerge again next spring. Do not cut away the leaves after bloom until they turn yellow. The Hyacinthus orientalis needs those to collect enough energy into the bulb for blooming next year.
The hyacinth likes a light and well-drained spot in the garden. Too much moist will cause the bulbs to rot. Hyacinths can be used amongst others in rock gardens and borders. This spring bloomer can be planted under deciduous shrubs and trees.
Some species of hyacinths only bloom abundantly for one year other species for several years. Generally hyacinths will not last very long.
Characteristic: newly emerging every year
Exposure: sun/part shade
Foliage colour: green
Flower colour: various
Flowering time: March - April
Hardiness: -20 ºC (-4 ºF)
Height: 16 inches (40 cm)